Wild Rose (Rosehip)

Rosa canina L. – Rosaceae

Wild Rose / Rosehip

Wild rose (dog rose) is a shrub up to 3m tall. The entire bush is overgrown with sharp thorns. The leaves are oddly pinnate, and the leaflets are egg-shaped and sharply toothed. The flowers are white-pink in color with a pleasant smell, the fruits are egg-shaped, light red in color, known as rosehip, and contain a large number of seeds. The flowering period begins in May, and the fruits are usually collected during September and October. Wild rose is widespread throughout Europe, and also grows in Western Asia and North-West Africa. It is very common in our region, growing along the edges of forests.

The medicinal part of the plant is the dried fruit. It is rich in vitamin C, fruit acids (malic, citric, amber, phosphoric), sugars, lignin, pectin, tannins, flavonoids, carotenoids, silicic acid, iron and aluminum salts.


Due to its high content of vitamin C, rosehips are traditionally recommended for strengthening the immune system and in cases of spring fatigue and exhaustion. The fruit of the wild rose has prophylactic and therapeutic activities against many diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, gout, infectious diseases, biliary diseases, kidney diseases), thanks to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects.

The results of certain studies prove that wild rose has cytotoxic effects on lung and prostate cancer cells (destroys them). Also, the use of this plant is recommended for chronic inflammation of the urinary tract, to strengthen the lungs and refresh the body. The tannins found in the fruit of the wild rose stop diarrhea, and since it is also rich in iron, its use is fully justified in case of sideropenic anemia.


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